Mobile and Personal Communications
Providing the students with a comprehensive knowledge of most technical aspects, operations, and applications of current and future generations of cellular mobile and personal communication technologies. Offering technical, practical, and up-to-date treatment of the latest wireless communication technologies and system design implementations. Also, describing the emerging personal communications systems and emerging personal communications services. Focus is on the cellular mobile radio while Limited coverage on wireless LAN, wireless PAN, and fixed wireless will also be given. Wireless multipath channel characteristics and its effect on the system will be reviewed. Design of wireless systems to counteract the channel and radio impairments will be discussed. Trending topics in wireless communications will be introduced.
Basic knowledge of Fourier transforms and linear system analysis, digital signal processing, communication systems, programming skill in MATLAB or equivalent will be very helpful in understanding the course better. An undergraduate level “Introduction to communication systems” and an undergraduate level probability theory is an excellent preparation for this course. Students without any communications background should be prepared that certain portions of the course may be difficult to follow.
Courses that require this as a direct prerequisite
None (for Advanced Topics in Wireless Communications Course, this course might be an excellent preparation)
Courses that can form a sequence with this
- EEL 6936/4936 Wireless Communications System Laboratory
- EEL 7931 Selected Topics in Communications
- EEL 6936 Advanced Topics in Wireless Communications
- EEL 6597 Wireless Network Architecture and Protocol
- EEL 6534 Digital Communication Systems
- Focus is on cellular mobile radio. GSM, TDMA, CDMA, OFDM(A); 3G/4G wireless cellular telephony, cellular data, cellular multimedia.
- Limited coverage on wireless LAN, wireless PAN, Wireless MAN and fixed wireless.
- Wireless channel details
- Providing the students with a comprehensive knowledge of most technical aspects, operations, and applications of past, current and future generations of cellular mobile and personal communication technology.
- Offering a technical, practical and up-to-date treatment of the latest technologies, and system design implementations. Also, describing the emerging personal communications systems and emerging personal communications services.
- Introduction to the technology and underlying principles of wireless communications; building blocks of wireless networks; elementary examination of the science and technology of wireless communications including radio signal propagation (including multipath effect), radio channel modeling, interference-limited communications, coding, modulation, anti-fading techniques like transmit and receiver antenna diversity, equalization, etc.; essential functions of all cellular telephone systems like frequency re-use, cellular hierarchy, sectorization, handoff and power control, etc. are discussed.
- Review of the various standards and systems, which have been developed (including 2G, 3G, 4G systems), and basic issues involved in the design of wireless systems. Discussion of the potential problems associated with the access technology for the second/third/fourth-generation systems and providing the vision of the future-generation systems.
- The introduction of other subjects related to wireless communications, like spread spectrum techniques (direct sequence and code division multiple access (CDMA), frequency hopping); multicarrier techniques including orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDM) and multicarrier CDMA (MC-CDMA); ultra-wideband communications, etc.
Note: All quizzes, tests, exams, etc. MUST be taken during regularly scheduled class or exam times either on campus or with an approved proctor. Any deviation from this policy MUST be pre-approved by the instructor in writing.
Undergraduate and graduate students will be curved separately.
Books & References
There are so many books written in this area, and most of the books are good and beneficial. We will not follow a specific book all the time; technical papers and other reference books will also be used along with the text book that is chosen. When necessary, the instructor will provide you the links for some reference materials.
- Wireless Communications: T. Rappaport
- 5G Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology: Erik Dahlman Stefan Parkvall and Johan Skold, Academic Press
- Wireless Communications: A. Goldsmith, Cambridge Univ. Press
- Fundamentals of Wireless Communication: D. Tse and P. Viswanath, Cambridge Univ. Press
- Mobile Radio Communications: S. Raymond and L. Hanzo, IEEE Press-John Wiley
- Principles of Mobile Communication: G.L. Stuber, Kluwer Academic Publishers
- The Mobile Communications Handbook: Jerry D. Gibson, CRC Press
- Mobile Cellular Telecommunications: W.C.Y. Lee, McGraw Hill
- Digital Communications: John Proakis, McGraw Hill
- Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems: B.P. Lathi, Oxford Press
- Wireless and Personal Communication Systems: V.K. Garg and J.E. Wilkes, Prentice Hall
Magazines and Journals:
- IEEE Commun. Mag.
- IEEE Wireless Commun. Mag.
- IEEE VT Magazine
- IEEE Commun. Surveys and Tutorials
- IEEE Access
- IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.
- IEEE Trans. Commun.
- IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol.
- IEEE Trans. Instrumentation and Measurements
- IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics
- IEEE Trans. Broadcasting
- IEEE Wireless Commun. Letters
- IEEE Commun. Letters
- IEE Electronics Letters
- EURASIP Journal on Wireless Commun.
- EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Proc.
- Elsevier Computer Networks
- Elsevier Physical Commun.
- Wiley Wireless Commun. and Mobile Computing
Outline of the course
- Important terminology and definitions
- History and evolution of wireless systems
- Current wireless applications
- Internet of Things
- Future trends in wireless communications
- 5G & Beyond 5G
- Fundamental enablers/techniques
- New applications
Overview of a Basic Communication System
- Basic block diagram of a system:
- Source and channel coding (FEC and CRC coding)
- Modulation/mapping, interleaving, and pulse shaping
- Wireless channel
- Brief functionality of each block
- Wireless Networks: Infrastructure-based networks, ad hoc networks, mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs)
- Frequency allocation chart
- New frequency bands
- Classical and new spectrum utilization
- Licensed and unlicensed bands
- Dynamic spectrum access and cognitive radio
- Spectrum aggregation
- Millimeter-wave (mmW)
- Dimensions of spectral space
Multiple Accessing, Duplexing, and Switching
- Duplexing techniques:
- Time-division duplexing (TDD)
- Frequency-division duplexing (FDD)
- Multiple access techniques:
- Time-division multiple access (TDMA)
- Frequency-division multiple access (FDMA)
- Code-division multiple access (CDMA)
- Carrier-sense multiple access (CSMA)
- Space-division multiple access (SDMA)
- Frame structure:
- Sample frames for various standards (GSM, Wi-Fi, OFDM)
- Frame efficiency/redundancy: Training symbols, pilots, etc.
- TDD and FDD frames
- Discussion on latency issues
- Fixed access and random access
- Full duplex and half duplex
- Circuit switch and packet switch
- Cell splitting
- Small cells
- Umbrella cells / Overlayed cells
- Dynamic channel allocation
- Adaptive PHY and MAC
- Traffic theory
- Traffic off loading
- User density and user profiles
- Point Poisson process
- Clustered users
- Coverage issues
- Home location register (HLR)
- Visitor location register (VLR)
- Mobile switching center (MSC)
- Anatomy of a cellular call
- Old and new architectures
- Data plane and user plane issues
- Phantom cells
- Self-organizing networks (SON)
- Recent trends on cross layers issues and adaption
- Readable and writable parameters
- Nature of the Mobile Radio Environment
- Propagation Models:
- Distant dependent path loss
- Reflection, Scattering, Diffraction
- Log-Normal Fading (also known as Large-Scale Fading)
- Rayleigh Fading (also known as Small-Scale Fading or Multipath Fading)
- Path loss models
- Interference characteristics and models
- Millimeter wave (mmW) channel models
- Types of fading
- Time/frequency/space variation of channel
- Coherence time, coherence frequency, coherence distance
- Doppler spread, delay spread, angular spread
- Relation between channel statistics
- Interpretation of channel statistics in time/frequency/space domains
- Understanding the channel selectivity in wireless system and transceiver design
- Adaptive beam-forming and MIMO
- Massive MIMO
- Rake receiver
- Time domain
- Frequency domain
- Coding and interleaving
- Power control
- Interference cancellation
- Coordinated multipoint (CoMP) operation
- Flying base stations, UAV based networks
Equalization (If time permits)
- Linear equalization:
- Zero forcing
- Minimum mean square error (MMSE)
- Nonlinear equalization:
- Decision-feedback equalizers (DFE)
- Maximum likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE)
- Decision-feedback sequence estimation (DFSE)
- Reduced-state sequence estimation (RSSE)
CDMA Technology Overview (If time permits)
- Block diagram of CDMA transceiver
- Basics of CDMA
- PN code properties
- OVSF codes
- Overview of cellular standards that employ CDMA
Current Wireless Standards and Technologies (If time permits)
- Cellular systems: 1G through 5G
- Wi-Fi (802.11a/g/n/ac/ad/ax/ay)
- Centralized and distributed systems
- Single-hop and multi-hop systems
Note: In the event of an emergency, it may be necessary for USF to suspend normal operations. During this time, USF may opt to continue delivery of instruction through methods that include but are not limited to: Canvas, Skype, and email messaging and/or an alternate schedule. It’s the responsibility of the student to monitor Canvas site for each class for course specific communication, and the main USF, College, and department websites, emails, and MoBull messages for important general information.
For students taking this course as the Portfolio Course: the final grade may be affected by the evaluation of the student’s MSEE Portfolio, as described in the EE Department Portfolio Guidelines.